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GEN BUS 360: Workplace Writing and Communication (Spring 2022)

Indirect Citations, or How to Cite a Quote from a Source

How to Use Your Sources’ Interviews or Quoted/Paraphrased Materials

Use an indirect citation when you want to cite material from someone else that is quoted or paraphrased in one of your sources. 


For instance, a reporter may interview a communications coach and use direct quotes from the coach in their article. If you want to use a quote from the coach, use an indirect citation. Clearly attribute the quote to the coach (the person who said it), but then credit the author of the text (the reporter, in this example) in which you found the quote in the parenthetical citation and on the references page.


In-text Citation Example

When preparing for a meeting, Barbara Miller, a communications skills coach, recommended “writing down all the thoughts that might distract […] from listening and setting the paper aside until later” (as cited in Shellenbarger, 2014). 


References Page Entry 

Shellenbarger, S. (2014, July 22).Tuning in: Improving your listening skills.The Wall Street Journal.

Content Credit

Content on this page was created by the Business Communication team at the Wisconsin School of Business.