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Product Design : Track Your Sources

Citation Formats

UW-Madison Libraries Guide to Citation Formats

A citation is a strictly formatted grouping of information that is used to credit, identify, and locate a source.

Citations vary depending on the information type (standards, patents, articles, books, etc.) as well as the citation format (APA, IEEE, etc.)

When you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or otherwise refer to the work of another, you are required to cite its source.

Citation Managers

Citation Managers such as EndNote, Mendeley, Papers, or Zotero are software tools for managing your sources. For more detailed documentation on citation managers, please visit the Citation Manager Help Page.

The Libraries support the following citation managers:

EndNote video tutorials

Mendeley help guides

Zotero video tutorials

Citation Examples

IEEE Citation Format Examples


Tip: use patent issued or publication date if multiple dates are given.


[1] A. B. Inventor and C. D. Inventor, "Title of patent," U.S. Patent x xxx xxx, Abbrev. Month day, year.


[1] S. Nerett, "Pregancy seat belt," U.S. Patent 6 935 700, Aug. 30, 2005.


Tip: if using Mendeley, when choosing the source type, select Report for standards.


[1] Title of Standard, Standard number, date.


[1] Seat Belt Hardware Test Procedures, SAE Standard J140, 2013.

SAE Citation Format Example

Technical Papers


1. Author A. B., and Author, C. D., “Title of report,” SAE Technical Paper xxxxxx, year, doi:xxxxxx.


1. Arndt, M., "Testing of Seats and Seat Belts for Rollover Protection Systems in Motor Vehicles," SAE Technical Paper 982295, 1998, doi:10.4271/982295.

Electronic Lab Notebooks

LabArchives at UW-Madison
A lab notebook establishes a permanent record detailing what was done during the course of a project.