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Copyright for Digital Media Assignments : Citations

This guide provides resources regarding copyright for students using images, video, and music for Digital Media Assignments.

Why cite?

Attribution ascribes a work (such as text or media) to a particular author or artist. A citation gives credit to the source and allows the viewer/reader to locate the original source.

What information do I need?

1. Creator’s name or screen name

2. Object title or name

3. Source (if object came from another work) -  include author, title & date

4. Format (video, frame, etc.)

5. URL for a web site and the date you accessed the object

6. URL for the CC license if using Creative Commons (CC) object

How do I cite?

Citation Format

Check with your instructor to determine which format you should use or see Citing Sources, a guide to citing according to different styles.

Sample Bibliography format: Artist/Creator. "Title". Source. URL. Date Accessed (if URL). CC license URL (if CC object).

Scholastic. "Suzanne Collins Reading". Frame from Suzanne Collins Reads from First Chapter of Mockinjay. Accessed 4/1/14.

Sample Video End Credits

"Let it Go" 
Arranged by Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez
Performed by Idena Menzel
Used with permission

(dir. Chris Buck and Jennifer Lee, 2013 Walt  Disney Studios)


Creating an online project? Attribute images with HTML code

When displaying images online, add image attributes. The title tag provides text when the image is moused over. The alt tag provides alternate text for an image if the image cannot be displayed. Use to generate HTML code for images in Flickr with CC licenses.

Sample code with example:

<img src="value" title="title of image " alt="attritution and explanation of image ">

<img scr="" title="'Mockinjay' Actress Stef Dawson with Author Suzanne Collins" alt="Stef Dawson and Suzanne Collins. Photo by Stef Dawson of herself and Suzanne Collings on the set of 'Mockinjay' in 2013 . © 2013 Stef Dawson">

How do I organize my citations?

Check with your instructor to determine which option you should use for your project.

Option 1: Keep citation information about each object in a text document

Examples: notebook, Word, Google Docs

Option 2: Keep citation information about each object in a spreadsheet

Sample table:

Author Title Source Medium URL Notes
Scholastic Suzanne Collins Reading Suzanne Collins Reads from First Chapter of Mockingjay Frame from video Accessed 4/1/14


Option 3: Keep citation information in a Citation Manager (e.g., Zotero)


  1. Install Zotero plug-in:
  2. Create a Zotero account to sync your local library with Zotero server.
  3. Create "Collections" (like folders) based on project topics.
  4. Add records: citation information, files, links, snapshots, notes.
  5. Use Zotero to generate citations. The format of your citations will vary depending on the citation style and object type.

See Zotero Help.

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