- University of Wisconsin-Madison
- Research Guides
- CHEM 327/329: Fundamentals of Analytical Science (Spring 2022)
- Evaluating and Using Articles
CHEM 327/329: Fundamentals of Analytical Science (Spring 2022) : Evaluating and Using Articles
Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Sources
A primary source in the sciences is a report of research results written by the scientist(s) who conducted the research.
Examples: Research articles, Conference papers, Theses, Technical reports, Patents, Data sets, Lab notebooks
A secondary source in the sciences synthesizes, summarizes, interprets or analyzes one or more primary sources often in an attempt to summarize the current state of knowledge on a topic.
Examples: Analyses, Meta-analyses, Commentaries, Reviews, Summaries, News Reports
A tertiary source in the sciences collects and condenses information from primary and secondary sources.
Examples: Textbooks, Encyclopedias, Bibliographies, Almanacs, Chronologies, Dictionaries, Manuals