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HISTORY 201: The Historian's Craft: Holocaust in Visual Culture (Summer 2022) : Find Primary Sources

What are Primary Sources?

Primary sources are original records created at the time historical events occurred or well after events in the form of memoirs or oral histories. They enable researchers to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period to help them understand and interpret the past. (See definition from the American Library Association's Reference & User Services Association's History Section.)

Some examples of types and formats for primary sources include:

  • Books such as personal narratives, memoirs, and autobiographies, collected works, and collections of documents (these may be edited and published after the historical event or time period)
  • Journal, magazine, and newspaper articles 
  • Government publications
  • Archival sources such as diaries, interviews, letters, photographs, video recordings, and other media

Finding Primary Sources in Books Using the Library Catalog

 Use the tips below to search the Library Catalog for books that contain primary sources.

  • Words in Catalog records may identify an item as a primary source.  Search for format-related words like advertisements, autobiographies, correspondence, documents, interviews, journal, letters, manuscripts, personal narratives, sources, speeches, etc.  You can combine a primary source format word with words describing your topic (for example, personal narratives and warsaw ghetto)
  • To find diaries, letters, autobiographies, personal papers, etc. by a particular person, search for the person's name as an author (for example, Schulman, Faye)
  • Use the "Years" drop-down to filter results to sources published during a time period (Note: Many sources may have been written during the time period but published after the time period.)

Selected Primary Source Digital Collections

Below are several digital primary source collections that may be useful in your research. 

Research Guides

See the Research Guides below for more information about primary sources. They include many more online resources including ones with historical journals, magazines and newspapers and documents.

Finding Newspapers

Historical newspapers that could be used as primary sources. Listed below are just a couple of the databases holding historic newspapers.   More historical newspaper databases are listed on the Newspapers Research Guide and the Newspapers Databases page of the library website.